Qawwali is an unique type sufiana music.Its generally based on lyrics. Lyrics are the most important part of qawwalis.

 

qawwali Qawwali is an unique type sufiana music.Its generally based on lyrics. Lyrics are the most important part of qawwalis.Moreover in the live musharyas the qawwals have to set lyrics themselves. Sometimes they are the part of the answer to the other qawwals. One can say that qawwali is the competition of lyrics and perfect rhyming or shayaris.In hindi films upto some 70s there was a trend of qawwalis in the film.Majority of the qawwalis were a big hit.Mainly the qawwalis were between the hero and heroine fighting for prestige of womanhood or manhood.Some are the qawwalis where the hero's beloved is beautifully praised. Its not that qawwalis are always romantic.Many qawwalis are in praise of God or Khuda.Some qawwalis are just for fun also.There is a long list of the types of the qawwalis. Lets have a look  at the top or the most popular qawwalis of bollywood: 

{mospagebreak title=Mughal E Azam}

 

rain27indiaThe qawwali from the great film of the hindi film industry Mughal E Azam was a great hit.The words were "Teri Mehfil mein Kismat mein aazmakar hum bhi dekhenge" by Lata Mangeshkar and Shamshad Begum.This was a song where the lead actress Madhubala feels great while falling in love and praises love but the actress with grey shades Nigar Khan criticizes the love and of course lovers by saying that "Mohabbat karne valon ka hai bas yehi afasana tadapna chupke chupke anhein bharana ghutke mar jana "and thus shows her hatred for love.It was a qawwali where the qawwals were ladies.

 

{mospagebreak title=Barsaat Ki Raat}

rain27india

The movie Barsaat Ki Raat also had a great qawwali with words "Na toh carvaan ki talash hai na to humsafar ki talash hai" by Mhd. Rafi, Manna Dey, Asha Bhonsle, Sudha Malhotra was a combo of 2 qawwalis.Where in first half the hero Bharat Bhushan askes for the relief from the pain of love and then Shyama and other crew says that "yeh ishq ishq hai ishq" and thus praises love so beautifully that ishq se ishq ho jaye. With words like :

 

 

 

Allah Rasool Ka Farmaan Ishq Hai
Yaane Hafeez Ishq Hai, Quraan Ishq Hai
Gautam Kaa Aur Maseeh Ka Armaan Ishq Hai
Ye Kaaynaat Jism Hai Aur Jaan Ishq Hai
Ishq Sarmad, Ishq Hi Mansoor Hai
Ishq Moosa, Ishq Koh-E-Noor Hai
Khaaq Ko But, Aur But Ko Devta Karta Hai Ishq
Intaha Ye Hai Ke Bande Ko Khuda Karta Hai Ishq

{mospagebreak title=Isharon ko Samjo}

isarokosamjoWhen we are talking about the great qawwalis of bollywood then the name of qawwali from Dharma "Isharon ko agar samjho" is very essential to take. First of all the qawwali is picturised on the vamp in the film Bindu and Pran who plays the lead role in the film.The main charm of the song is that it is in the question answer form with great poetic rhyming. Bindu knows some Raaz (secret) of Pran and threatens to open that secret in the party still pran says "Isharon ko agar samjho raaz ko raaz rahene do" but bindu denies.The most charming thing is that their whole conversation is in qawwali form.The great pronunciations skills of Mhd. Rafi and Asha Bhonsle adds more charm to the song.

 {mospagebreak title=Al Hilal}

   alhilal                                                                    inhe na tir na talvaar ki zarurat hai
shikaar karane ko kaafi nigaahein ulfat hain 
hasin chaal se dil payamal karate hain
nazar se karate hain baatein kamaal karate hain
har ek baat mein matalab hazaar hote hain
ye sidhe-saade bade hoshiyaar hote hain
kuda bachaae hasinon ki tez chaalon se
pade kisi ka bhi palla na husna vaalon se
        At first glance, listening to the wordings one may find that its a compliment to all the women. But no, these words are from the evergreen
qawwali from Al Hilal by Ismail Azad "Hume to loot liya milke husn walon ne".In this fun qawwali all men curse power of women so beautifully
that its really hard to understand whether they are praising women or actually cursing them.

 {mospagebreak title=5 Rifles}

5-riflesIn our bollywood, there is a qawwali for drunkards also.Yes, we are talking about the song "Jhoom Barabar Jhoom sharabi" from the film 5 Rifles.Actually, the song is sung to stop the british troop to come forward, but the wordings of the song are absolutely intoxicating.The synonyms that are used for Sharab are amazing.

 

 

 

aaj angoor ki beti se mohabbat ker le
shaikh sabih ki nasihat se baghawat ker le
iski beti ne utha rakhi hai sir per dunya
yeh to acha hoa angoor ko beta na hoa
kam se kam surat e saqi ka nazara ker le
aa ke maikhaane mein jeene ka sahara ker le
aankh milte he jawani ka maza aaye ga
kuch to angoor ke pani ka maza aaye ga

 {mospagebreak title=HumKisise Kum Nahin}

humkisiseAaj hum jaise jigarwale kahan (aha)
Zakhm khaya hai tab huye hain jawaan (aha)
Teer ban jaaye doston ki nazar (aha)
Ya bane khanjar dushmanon ki zubaan (aha)
Baithe hain tere dar pe to kuch karke oothenge
Ya tujhko hi le jayenge ya marke oothenge
Aaj hum jaise jigarwale kahan
Zakhm khaya hai tab huye hain jawaan
Aa aa aa aa aa aa aa
Aaj to duniya
Aaj to duniya (duniya)
Nahin ya hum nahin, hum nahin
Koi aaye, koi
Hum kisise kum nahin, kum nahin

These are the lines from the great qawwali of 70s "Hai agar dushman zamana hum kisi se kum nahin" from Hum Kisi Se Kum Nahin starring Rishi Kapoor and Parveen Babi.The mind blowing sets and the costumes perfectly matched the wordings of qawwali.IN 70s the era of qawwali was almost over and with this qawwali that empty space was almost filled.

 {mospagebreak title=Parda Hai Parda}

pardaWhen we are talking about the qawwalis of 70s, without the great qawwali of Amar Akbar Anthony "Pardah hai Pardah" our list is incomplete. In this song Rishi Kapoor requests Nitu Singh to show her face from the Burkha, but as seen in all the qawwalis the wordings are set so beautifully that he never says " Pardah uthao" he always says there is one pardah and behind that pardah my beloved is hidden.The words are so emotional that the heroine is tempted to raise her pardah.But it covers all the parts of love, sometimes there is emotional blackmail, some times request and sometimes anger is also shown like:

Khuda Ka Shukra Hai, Chehara Nazar To Aaya Hai
Haya Ka Rang Nigaahon Pe, Phir Bhi Chhaya Hai
Kisiki Jaan Jaati Hai, Kisiko Sharm Aati Hai
Koi Aansoo Bahata Hai, To Koi Muskurata Hai
Satakar Is Tarah Aqsar, Maza Lete Hain Ye Dilabar
Yahi Dastur Hai Inaka, Sitam Mashahur Hai Inaka
Khafa Hoke Chehara Chhupa Le, Magar Yaad Rakh Husn-Waale
Jo Hai Aag Teri Jawani, Meraa Pyar Hai Sarz Paani
Main Tere Gusse Ko Thanda Na Kar Dun To
Akbar Mera Nam Nahin Hai
Parda Hai Parda...

 {mospagebreak title=Roti Kapda Aur Makan}

rotiWho says that the qawwali is always romantic, fun loving. There also one qawwali which very depressing but very practical and true as our lives.That is "Mahengai Maar gay Mahengai Maar gay" from manoj Kumar's Roti Kapada Aur Makaan.The song talks about the Mahengai a very true and crucial stage in indian economy with very touchy words like:

pahale mutthi vich paise lekar
pahale mutthi mein paise lekar thaila bhar shakkar laate the
ab thaile mein paise jaate hain mutthi mein shakkar aati hai
haay mehnagaayi mehnagaayi
duhaai hai duhaai mehnagaayi mehnagaayi

{mospagebreak title=Haji Ali}

haji-aliIts not that qawwalis were composed upto 70ss only.A. R. Rahman has composed a beautiful ever qawwali for the film Fiza "Piya Haji Ali Piya Haji Ali" Though its a new song but the song praises Haji Ali so well the hardcore use of urdu language is just amazing.

shaah-e-samandar ibn-e-haidar
shah-e-samandar ik nazar
piya haaji ali, piya haaji ali, piya haaji ali, piya ho  -2
tum samandar ke dhani
baaba haaji ali baaba haaji ali baaba haaji ali
tum samandar ke dhani
baba haaji ali, baba haaji ali,
hai tumhara dar dar mustafa dar murtaza marhaba
piya haaji ali piya haaji ali piya haaji ali piya ho

{mospagebreak title=Dama Dum Mast}

damadumTill now we were talking about the qawwalis of ishq and all that. But there are certain qawwalis which are in the praise of God, Khuda. One such popular qawwali is "Oh Laal Meri Oh Laal Meri Duma dum mast kalander".In this catogery, one cannot forget the great qawwali by Mhd.Rafi "Shirdiwale Saibaba Aya Hai Tere Darpe Sawali" of Amar Akbar Anthony is a great hit qawwali.

 

 

 

{mospagebreak title=Main Hoon Na}

meinhunaIn modern times also there is a trend of qawwali. Yes , we are talking about the hit song of Main Hoon Na "Tumse milke Dil Ka Hai jo Haal kya Kahe" by Anu Malik.On can say its a modern qawwali and al;so a wonderfully composition and rythming.MOreover, the sets and costumes were so perfect that according to one very famous film critic "Ise dekh ke aisa laga ke hum purane zamane ki qawwali dekh rahe hai ekdum naye andaz mein"